News & Media

MDHHS Health Care Advisory: Severe Respiratory Pulmonary Disease Associated with E-Cigarette/Vaping Use

Wednesday, September 4, 2019

The Michigan Department of Health and Human Services ( is currently investigating six cases of severe pulmonary disease associated with e-cigarettes/vaping/dabbing. All cases have been reported in Michigan’s Lower Peninsula and most of the individuals have been hospitalized for severe respiratory illness. The age range of the cases is 19 39 years As of Aug ust 27, 2019, 215 possible cases of severe respiratory disease associated with e-cigarette/vaping use have been reported in 25 states. As a result, MDHHS is providing this update to all hospital emergency departments, healthcare providers, hospitals, medical examiners, clinics and EMS pro viders. MDHHS is also requesting that providers report patients with severe pulmonary disease associated with e cigarettes/vaping/dabbing with or without THC (to their Local Public Health Department

Clinical presentation:

Symptoms experienced by confirmed cases include cough, shortness of breath, chest pain, fatigue, and fever. Other reported symptoms include weight loss, nausea, abdominal pain, and diarrhea. In previously reported cases, symptoms generally worsen ed over a period of days to weeks before hospital admission. Chest radiographs have shown bilateral opacities (often in the lower lobes) and CT images have shown diffuse ground glass opacities. Some cases have improved with systemic steroids some required e ndotracheal intubation. Note: a copy of the CDC’s “case classification” criteria is attached, for your information.

Management:

Currently it is unknown what is causing and contributing to the symptoms. Infectious etiologies should be ruled out, at a minimum by respiratory viral panel and influenza PCR or rapid test information. Further testing may be indicated e.g., urine a ntigen for Streptococcus pneumoniae and Legionell a, sputum cultures if a productive cough, bronchoalveolar lavage ( cultures if done, blood cultures, fungal tests or culture, or HIV related opportunistic respiratory infection tests, etc. Aggressive supportive care is warranted, and in severe cases, it is recommended that pulmonary and critical care specialists are consulted.

What is being done to prevent this problem? CDC and FDA are working with state partners to investigate all associated cases to determine the etiology of these illnesses.

How can health care providers help with prevention and investigation efforts?

  1. Report all patients with severe pulmonary illness associated with use of e cigarettes, vaping devices, or dabbing devices to the local health department, listed at www.michigan.gov/mdhhs/0,5885,7 339 73970_5461_74040 ------,00.html

    The following information should be reported: patient’s name, date of birth (if unknown, age city/town of residence (or county if known), reporting provider’s name, phone number, email.
  2. If available, please collect and hold all devices or substances used, including electronic nicotine delivery systems, vaping or dabbing devices and substances/solutions from the patient so that they can be sent for laboratory testing if requested by public health.

If Local Public Health determines that the devices or substances should be tested, they will contact you and will handle collections and sending of products to the lab. 

If you have questions about contacting your local health department, please reach out to your hospitals Infection Preventionist.

 

Documents to download